Hii Here is a table showing all the basic Electronics components with their circuit symbol.
“Electronics components are any basic discrete device or physical entity present in an electronic system which affects electrons or their associated fields.” Electronic components are quite different from Electrical components do not confused about them. Here are the basic Electronics components
Electrical components are mostly passive components/elements like wires/cables, resistors capacitors, inductors, etc. While Electronics components are active elements like transistors, BJT’s, MOSFET’s, ICs, etc. Active components can amplify input signal but passive components can’t do that.
Electrical components mostly come in comes in single quantity (like one capacitor or indicator) also they are big in size. Whereas Electronic components are small in size they come in IC package and contains a huge number of other small active and passive components to perform applications like amplification, rectification, pulse width modulation, etc.
Classification of Electronics components
Electrical and electronics components are widely classified into to types they are
1.) Active Electronics components
Active components are those components which can control, manipulate amplify or attenuate Electrical signal. They can add power to the circuit These components depends on a source ( like DC battery). Components like various types of diode transistor IC etc are included inactive components.
2.) Passive Electronics component
These components can not add any power to the circuit. But in AC circuit components like a transformer ( step up or step down) and resonance circuits (LC, RC, and LCR) can change current or voltage but they can’t change power of a signal. Also, they don’t depend on energy sources. They include two-terminal devices like a capacitor, inductor resistors, etc. They are also called reactive components.
Here you can see the major difference between active and passive components.
3.) Electromechanical components
This is another type of electrical component which involves electrical as well as mechanical parts. The most common example are stepper motor AC motor relay switches, button, buzzer, etc.