A Schmitt Trigger circuit is a comparator circuit with some modifications. As compared to a normal comparator circuit the Schmitt trigger circuit has a hysteresis curve. This means that it has two threshold voltages an upper threshold and a lower threshold voltage. In Schmitt trigger circuit hysteresis is created by applying positive feedback to the non-inverting […]
Gunn diode operates on the Gunn effect which is named after its inventor J.B. Gunn. He discovered the periodic variation of current in a GaAs (gallium arsenide) rod in 1963. The microwave device that operates on the principle of transfer of electrons is called as Gunn diode. This is one of the diodes used as […]
The VI characteristics of IGBT is as shown in Figure. In the forward direction, they are similar to those of bipolar transistors. The only difference here is that the controlling parameter is the gate to source voltage Vgs and the parameter being controlled is the drain current. The working principle of IGBT is based on […]
An insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) is a three-terminal semiconductor device it is a hybrid of MOSFET and BJT for high efficiency and fast switching. The power BJT has the advantage of low on state power dissipation but it cannot be switched at faster rates due to longer turn-off time, whereas MOSFETs have a very high […]
A Triac is a bidirectional device it allows current to flow in both the directions. here we will discuss Triac working and vi characteristics, In the SCR family, after the SCR, Triac is the most widely used device for power control. Triac is a three-terminal device, with the terminals named as main terminals 1, 2 […]
The diac is basically a two-terminal device. Here we will discuss the Symbol of Diac and it’s VI characteristics. It is such a combination of semiconductor layers that allows triggering in both directions. The diac is used as a triggering device for the TRIAC circuits. Here we will discuss the Symbol of Diac and it’s […]
The SCR has only two states of operation i.e. it can be either fully ON or completely OFF hence SCR can as a switch. There is no “active” region of operation like a transistor.