Block Diagram of IC 74163
Counter Circuits Electronic devices Electronics components Electronics project Electronics tutorial Flip Flops Integrated circuits (ICs)

IC74163 Pin Diagram, Truth Table & Counter Circuit

IC74163 Integrated Presettable Synchronous 4-bit Modulo-16 Up counter. The IC is a synchronous counter as all 4 flip-flops are integrated into the same chip & they receive the same clock pulse (clock signal). The IC74163 is a completely programmable binary counter due to its four preset inputs, which allow it to begin counting with any loaded input by sending a low signal to the load pin. For cascading counters with n-bit synchronous counting, a ripple-carry (RC) output terminal is provided. IC 74163, 74193 74161, etc. are 4-bit binary counters. & IC 7490, 74160, 74190, etc. are the decade counter chips. Find most basic details about the counter circuit on Decade counter IC7490.

Features of IC74163:

  • Typical clock frequency 32MHz
  • Typical Power dissipation 93mW
  • 4-Bit Modulo-16 Up counter.
  • Preset inputs are available
  • Synchronously programmable
  • Internal look-ahead (Ripple carry) for fast counting
  • Carry output for n-bit cascading
  • Active low load control line to load input number
  • Active low Reset terminal to reset the chip at any point.
  • Typical propagation time, clock to Q output 14ns

Block Diagram of IC74163-:

The self-explanatory block diagram of IC74163 is shown in the figure below. If you understand this block diagram, you will be able to design any type of mod-n counter using this IC.

Block Diagram of IC 74163
Block Diagram of IC 74163

Pin Description
Clock input Clock signal input
ENP Enable Parallel(Active High)
ENT Enable Trickle(Active High)
Load Synchronous Parallel Load/Load(Active Low) Input
Reset/Clear Synchronous Active low clear to reset the IC
Ripple Carry Ripple carry is used in cascading
A,B,C, & D Preset Inputs(Parallel Data Inputs)
Qn Flip-Flop Outputs

What is meant by Synchronous Clear?

Synchronous clear means it is in sync with a clock signal, which means with the next clock signal, the outputs advance to the next count. You need to supply 8 rising clock pulses to reset the IC at a count of 7. You will understand the whole concept once I design mod 7 counter with 74163.

Functional Description of Pins-:

clock Input Diagrammatic representation of clock-signal-:
  • It is also known as clock pulse/clock signal, its continuous high-low signal which will use to trigger IC, that’s why it is also known as triggering pulse.
  • All 4 flip-flops are triggered with the same clock signal in this IC or any synchronous counter.
Enable Inputs-:
  • ENP and ENT are the two enable inputs of the IC74163. Both ENP (Enable Parallel) and ENT (Enable Trickle) should be set to a high value in order to increase the count.
  • Both enable pin is active high
  • If the clock signal is supplied to ic and If the enable terminals received a low signal, the IC will not enable and will not begin counting. for more details refer mode selection table.
Load(Active Low input)-:
  • Load this is active low input(logic 0) used to load the data to flip-flop output, If this terminal is supplied with the logic high then the loaded preset input will not be shown in the output.
  • If any count is loaded to preset input pins & Low signal(logic 0) is applied to the load terminal then the IC will start counting with the loaded input
  • If any count is loaded to preset input pins & high signal(logic 1) is applied to the load terminal, the counting starts with 0000.
Clear (Active Low Input)-:
  • This is also known as Master Reset Input, and its used to reset the whole IC.
  • If this terminal receives an active low signal then it will wait for the next clock signal to reset the output. that’s why it’s known as synchronous clear input.
  • Mode Selection Table:
    Clear Load ENT ENP Action on the rising clock edge
    0 X X X All 4 flip-flop outputs cleared
    1 0 X X Load preset inputs data(A, B, C, & D) to Qn
    1 1 1 1 Increment Count
    1 1 0 X No change (Hold)
    1 1 X 0 No change (Hold)
Ripple Carry (R/C logic 0 to 1)-:
  • The Ripple Carry terminal (Carry look-ahead circuitry) goes from logic 0 to logic 1, once the IC reaches its maximum count i.e. 1111(15), this signal is used in cascading of IC74163.
  • The output of R/C (Ripple Carry) is directly connected to the enable pins of the second IC. As a result, the 2nd IC is only triggered once after each 15th count.
  • The 2nd IC gets enabled only once after every 15 counts since the ripple carry goes only once logic 0 to logic 1 after every 15 counts.
Preset Inputs (A, B, C, & D)-:
  • A B, C, & D are the present input, in which A is the Least Significant Bit (LSB) and D is the Most Significant Bit (MSB).
Flip-Flop Output (Qn)-:
  • Qa, Qb, Qc, & Qd are the outputs terminals in which Qa is the Least Significant Bit(LSB) and Qd is the Most Significant Bit(MSB).

Pin Diagram of IC74163-:

The next figure has a self-explanatory pin diagram of IC74163; if you read the figure properly, you will not require to do any more research or briefing on the pinouts.

IC74163 Pin Diagram
Pin Diagram
Pin Number Description Pin Number Description
1 Active Low Clear Input 9 Active low Load Input
2 Clock Signal Input 10 Active High ENT Input
3 A(LSB) Preset Inputs to Load Data 11 Qd(MSB) Flip-Flop Outputs
4 B 12 Qc
5 C 13 Qb
6 D(MSB) 14 Qa(LSB)
7 Active High Input ENP 15 RCO(Ripple Carry Output logic 0 to 1)
8 Ground 16 Vcc

 

 

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